Nurse Education

 

How to Become a Foot Care Nurse

Review the requirements for your state below and consider these steps:

 

1. Determine if your State allows nurses to perform routine foot care and what conditions are required to perform foot care (e.g. completion of education and training, certification, working with a podiatrist, an order, etc.).

If nurses are allowed to perform foot care in your State:

 

2. Choose a foot care certification board based on your eligibility and preference. This will determine the focus of your foot care content.

 

          a. Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing Certification Board (WOCNCB) to become a Certified Foot Care Nurse (CFCN)*

          b. American Foot Care Nurses Association (AFCNA) to become a Certified Foot Care Specialist (CFCS)*

*Neither the WOCNCB nor the AFCNA are accredited by the Accreditation Board for Specialty Nursing Certification (ABNSC) and/or the National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA) for their CFCN / CFCS certifications. However, the WOCNCB CFCN certification is a national certification that is currently included in the Demographic Data Collection Tool® (DDCT) maintained by the ANCC Magnet Recognition Program® (relevant to health care facilities). The WOCNCB may include the CFCN certification in their ABNSC/NCCA accreditations in the future.

3. Find and successfully complete a foot care coursethat matches the exam content from your chosen certification board (WOCNCB Exam Content / AFCNA Exam Content). 

 

*Continuing Education (CE) / Continuing Nursing Education (CNE) / Nursing Continuing Professional Development (NCPD) has varying definitions of acceptable providers depending on the State. Because I may suggest nationally accessible programs/offerings, I also point out programs that may or may not be accepted by every State. Some States have little to no requirements for CNE, while other States require CNE from their own approved Providers. The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) provides accreditation to Providers and Approvers of NCPD/CE activities. Most States that require CNE hours accept CNE activities that are provided or approved by ANCC accredited Providers or Approvers. Verify your State's CNE requirements below. Practicing as a Foot Care Nurse is dependent on your State, whereas becoming certified is dependent on the certification board. Follow your State's Board of Nursing CNE requirements to determine acceptable CNE providers.

For additional foot care information that may or may not apply to the US, review Canada's certified foot care nurse standards to decide what might apply to your practice.

 

4. Find a preceptor who is a foot care professional who provides routine foot care. Complete 20-40 hours of hands-on-training. Maintain this foot care professional as a mentor for the remainder of your career.

 

If certification is required by your State, you want to advance the credibility of this nursing specialty, or you want to show your clients you have the knowledge and skills to perform safe, competent care:

5. Apply online for the certification exam (WOCNCB / AFCNA) and pass.

6. Determine your infection control policies and procedures, purchase your tools and instruments, determine your documentation process (paper vs. electronic), and get liability insurance.

If you have any questions beyond what I've provided here and other pages, please email me (Kristen) with any questions!

 

Foot Care Continuing Education Hours and Hands-on-Training

Online Courses:

 

There are many options for online foot care related nursing education. Whichever source you choose, make sure the content matches the certification exam content (WOCNCB Exam Content / AFCNA Exam Content), even if you decide to not get certified. These two certification bodies are the leading experts on what knowledge and skills are required for competent and safe routine foot care. Also, verify that the content of the activity is accepted as Continuing Nursing Education for your state.

If you prefer to follow WOCNCB standards, I recommend Emory Nursing's online Foot and Nail Care Course. They are an ANCC Accredited CE Provider. The Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society® Core Curriculum: Wound Management book contains the core content for the WOCNCB exam content and is suggested reading for the Emory course.

If you prefer to follow AFCNA standards, the AFCNA offers no-cost webinars(California Board of Registered Nursing approved Provider). I've linked an old registration, but signing up should put you on an automatic mailing list for future webinars. Another option is Rainier Medical Education Programs, which offers non-credit videos so you can better understand foot care nursing, as well as videos for certification eligibility(California Board of Registered Nursing approved Provider). Additionally, the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire offers their Foot & Nail Care Expanded Online Education course, which has been approved by WOCNCB and AFCNA.*

 

*AFCNA, Rainier Medical, and University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire are not ANCC Accredited CE Providers nor are the offerings approved by ANCC Accredited CE Approvers.

Check with your state Board of Nursing to verify if programs or offerings are accepted as continuing education. Certain  criteria  must be met for continuing education to be accepted by your State. Some State Boards of Nursing will accept other State's Boards of Nursing approved Providers, others will not. Look for your State's Board-approved providers of CNE.

Always seek out the latest updates. Every so often, certification boards will survey certified foot care nurses to review new trends and needs for foot care. These reviews may change their recommendations for knowledge and skills required to perform competent and safe care. Stay up to date and informed on their recommendations by reviewing their exam content.

Hands-on-Training:

Rainier Medical in Washington has offered hands-on-training in the past and (I assume) will in the future. FootCare by Nurses in Greenfield, MA offers hands-on-training. University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire offers hands-on-training (currently on hold). I highly recommend training with a podiatrist in your area who you can refer clients to if the foot care becomes advanced. Spending some hours with a wound care podiatrist is very helpful as well.

 

WOCNCB has a database for CFCN preceptors, which is new as of 2021. CFCNs can opt in here.

 

Regulations Regarding Foot Care Performed by Nurses: 

Most States have adopted a position that follows the Scope of Nursing Practice Decision-Making Framework. After reviewing your State's Nurse Practice Act and other Rules/Regulations that may prohibit specific actions, if you have not had the education and training, it is not within your scope of practice to perform foot and nail care. Some States require certification, some States require evidence of education and training, most States use the above referenced framework (which calls for education and training), and some States have limited the foot care services that nurses can perform. Contact your State Board of Nursing for confirmation/clarification. Many States consider this a legal issue and refuse to give specific direction; at least one state requires an order to perform foot and nail care (New York), while another does not allow nurses to perform routine nail care (Rhode Island).

 

Most States do not declare the specifics of what a nurse can or cannot do, but will in cases where it puts the public in danger. The purpose of a State's Board of Nursing is to protect the public. It is our job as nurses to protect the public as well. Certification Boards have the expertise to determine what concepts nurses should know, or be skilled in, to be considered competent. Regardless of certification requirements, nurses must have education and training. Certification is verification that you are compliant with State regulations and value your clients' well-being.

Below is a list of States and a starting point for your research.

 

AlabamaApproved Standardized Procedures
 

AlaskaAdvisory Opinions: Scope > Scope foot care
 

Arizona - Advisory Opinion
 

Arkansas - Nurse Practice Act and Decision Making Model
 

California - Understanding the Role of the Registered Nurse

ColoradoBoard of Nursing > Scope of Practice Algorithm
 

ConnecticutNursing Scope of Practice questions (860) 509-7555
 

Delaware - Board of Nursing > Scope of Practice
 

FloridaPetition for Declaratory Statement
 

GeorgiaScope of Practice Decision-Making Model
 

HawaiiScope of Practice Decision Making Framework
 

Idaho - Rules of the Board > 04. Practice > a. Perform Acts. (p. 17)
 

IllinoisState of Illinois Nursing Rules > Joint Committee on Administrative Rules > RN Scope of Practice
 

IndianaFrequently Asked QuestionsStatutes and Rules and Indiana Administrative CodeArticle 2. Standards for the Competent Practice of Registered and Licensed Practical Nursing

IowaIowa Administrative Code pending response
 

KansasNPA by Statute or Rules and Regulations > Requirements for Licensure and Standards of Practice > Standards of practice pending response

 

KentuckyAdvisory Opinion Statement 
 

LouisianaScope of PracticeRN Scope of Practice Guidelines 
 

Maine - PracticeScope of Practice Decision Tree 
 

MarylandProposed Concepts for Possible Regulation
 

Massachusetts - Advisory Ruling
 

Michigan - no specific nurse practice act - Public Health CodePublic Health Code (Excerpt), and Board of Nursing - General Rules

MinnesotaScope of Nursing Practice Decision-Making Framework 
 

MississippiFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs) > Wound & Foot Care > Can a RN perform nail/foot care?
 

Missouri - Scope of Practice Decision Making Model
 

Montana - Scope of Practice
 

Nebraska - Advisory Opinion: Safe Practice: Nursing Roles and Assignments: Competency and Nurse Licensing Scope of Practice


NevadaPractice Decision Request and Scope of Nursing Practice Decision Making Framework


New HampshireScope of Practice and Position Statement


New JerseyDecision-Making Model Algorithms


New Mexico - Practice Acts > Nursing Practice Act 


New YorkPractice Information, requires an order, and restrictions apply, contact NURSEBD@nysed.gov


North CarolinaScope of Practice Decision Tree, Practice, and Position Statement
 

North DakotaScope of Nursing Practice Decision-Making Framework 
 

OhioPractice RN & LPN > RN and LPN Decision Making Model and The Nurse Practice Act - Ohio Revised Code (ORC)  pending response
 

OklahomaGuidelines, Position Statements > Decision-Making Model for Scope of Nursing Practice Decisions
 

OregonInterpretive Statements, Policies, and Information Regarding Nursing Practice > All Licensed Nurses > Foot Care Provided by RNs and LPNs


PennsylvaniaBoard Laws & Regulations, pending response
 

Rhode Island - Outside nursing scope of practice per Rhode Island Board of Nurse Registration and Nursing Education (401)222-1741
 

South CarolinaAdvisory Opinion # 57  
 

South DakotaPractice and Delegation Decisioning GuidesScope of Nursing Practice Decision-making Framework
 

Tennessee - Nursing Practice Code and Rules > Standards of Nursing Competence and Position Statements > Decision making Guidlines (pp. 19-20) 
 

TexasDecision Making for Determining Nursing Scope of Practice and Scope of Practice Decision‐Making Model 
 

Utah - R156-31b-703b. Scope of Nursing Practice Implementation and Section 801 Practice within limits of competency


Vermont - Nurse Practice Act and APRN/RN/LPN Scope of Practice plus Decision Tree
 

Virginia - Nurse Practice Act and Decision Making Model
 

Washington - Decision Tree 
 

West VirginiaScope of Practice for Licensed Nurses 
 

Wisconsin - Standards of Practice for Registered Nurses 
 

Wyoming - Advisory Opinion RN Scope of Practice and Decision Making Model

 

Criteria for Qualification of CNE Programs/Offerings and Mandatory CNE Requirements:

The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) gives accreditation to Providers and Approvers of Continuing Nursing Education (CNE). State regulations may or may not require that a CNE program or offering is provided or approved by these entities, however courses that are provided or approved by these entities undergo peer evaluation and have set standards for high quality nursing education. Quality Matters is an additional certification body that ensures high quality online education.

Determine your State's requirement for CNE so you are compliant with your practice (table reference - requires verification). Some states don't require CNE for license renewal and therefore do not have criteria for qualification of CNE programs and offerings. Nurses in these states (Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, South Dakota, Vermont, Wisconsin) should select CNE programs/offerings that are provided/approved by ANCC Providers/Approvers.

Below is a list of States and a starting point for your research.

 

Alabama - CE requirement, Prorated CE chart, ABN CE Providers, Approved CE 
 

AlaskaNursing Statutes and RegulationsARTICLE 6. CONTINUING COMPETENCY

Arizona - RN Renewal Requirements 

ArkansasASBN - CONTINUING EDUCATION, SECTION VII CONTINUING EDUCATIONASBN - APPROVED CERTIFICATIONSASBN - ACCREDITING ORGANIZATIONS 

CaliforniaContinuing Education for License RenewalCourses Approved by Other Entities 

Colorado - RN License Renewal 
 

Connecticut - APRN Continuing Education 
 

DelawareContinuing Education and Audit Information9.0 Rules and Regulations Pertaining to Mandatory Continuing Education

FloridaContinuing Education (CE/CEU) RequirementsBOARD APPROVED PROVIDERS 

GeorgiaCONTINUING EDUCATION REQUIREMENTSAcceptable Providers for Continuing Education 

HawaiiCONTINUING COMPETENCY REQUIREMENTCONTINUING COMPETENCY (including CE)

Idaho - RN RenewalRN continuing education, Belief Statement
 

IllinoisContinuing Nursing EducationIllinois RN Continuing Education Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

Indiana - Continuing Education Requirements 

IowaCE Basic RequirementsWhat Continuing Education Qualifies?

KansasContinuing Nursing EducationCNE Long-Term ProviderIndividual Offering of Approval (IOA)

 

KentuckyCE/Competency - Approved/Accepted CE Providers, Licensure Renewal Requirements 

LouisianaRenewals/Continuing EducationCE BrochureNational Nursing Certification Recognized by LSBN for CEs

Maine - Renewals, License Renewal
 

Maryland - License Renewal 
 

Massachusetts - Mandatory Continuing Education for nurses244 CMR 5.00: CONTINUING EDUCATION

MichiganBureau of Professional Licensing Nursing FAQs 

MinnesotaContinuing Education

Mississippi - Nursing Practice Act > License Renewal - RN evidence of continuing basic nursing competencies (5 years) 

 

Missouri - RN License Renewal 
 

MontanaMontana Board of Nursing RN24.159.2101 STANDARDS FOR CONTINUING EDUCATIONContinuing Education FAQs 

NebraskaNurse Licensing Renewal And Continuing Education 


NevadaContinuing EducationContinuing Education Regulations – Administrative Code Chapter 632 


New HampshireContinuing Education Requirements / Nur 403.01 Continuing Education Requirements for LPN, RN and APRN / Nur 403.04 Method of Calculation of Contact Hours for Individualized Learning 


New JerseyFrequently Asked Questions - Continuing Education (CE) 


New MexicoContinuing EducationContinuing Education Offered by Providers of Continuing Education 


New YorkLicense Requirements: Registered Professional NursingBaccalaureate or higher degree requirement (post 12/18/17)Office of the Professions -Training & Continuing EducationMandated Training Related to Infection ControlPodiatry (topics to consider for independent study) 


North CarolinaContinuing Competence RequirementsAcceptable Providers for Continuing Education 

North DakotaContinuing Education for Licensure RenewalApproved Continuing Education (CE) for Renewal FAQ 
 

OhioLicensing, Certification & Continuing EducationContinuing Education (CE) For Renewal 
 

OklahomaMeeting Requirements for Continuing Qualifications for Practice for License Renewal Guidelines 
 

OregonPain Management Continuing Education (CE) 


PennsylvaniaContinuing Education Requirements for RenewalFAQs ON MANDATORY CONTINUING EDUCATION (CE)
FOR REGISTERED NURSES
 
 

Rhode Island - Outside scope of nursing practice.
 

South CarolinaContinuing Nursing Education & CompetencyCompetency Requirements - CONTINUING NURSING EDUCATION CONTACT HOURS 
 

South Dakotaminimum practice requirement 
 

TennesseeContinuing EducationContinued Competence Requirements 
 

TexasEducation - Continuing Competency RequirementsWhat CNE is Acceptable? 
 

UtahFrequently Asked QuestionsContinuing Nursing Education Resources (ANCC)


Vermont§ 1624. Registered nurse license renewal 

 

VirginiaPractitioner ResourcesContinued Competency - RN/LPN 
 

WashingtonNurse LicensingOptions and Acceptable Documentation of Continuing Competency RequirementsContinuing
Competency FAQ’s

 

West VirginiaContinuing Education (CE)
 

Wisconsin - N 2.40 Renewal 
 

WyomingRenewals