Foot and Nail Articles

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Anatomy and Physiology

Baran, R., Dawber, R. P. R. , Haneke, E., Tosti, A., Bristow, I. (2003). A text atlas of nail disorders: Techniques in investigation and diagnosis (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Dunitz & Taylor Francis Group. Retrieved from http://www.rusmedserv.com/mycology/html/Atlas_of_Nail_Disorders.pdf​

Farris, D. J., Kelly, L. A., Cresswell, A. G., & Lichtwark, G. A. (2019). The functional importance of human foot muscles for bipedal locomotion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(5), 1645–1650. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358692/

O'Rahilly, R. (2008). Basic Human Anatomy - O'Rahilly, Müller, Carpenter & Swenson. Retrieved from https://www.dartmouth.edu/~humananatomy/part_3/chapter_17.html

Raj, M. A., DeCastro A., & Kiel J. (2019.). Pes Planus. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK430802/

Client Education

Kaya, Z., & Karaca, A. (2018). Evaluation of Nurses' Knowledge Levels of Diabetic Foot Care Management. Nursing Research and Practice, 2018, 8549567. doi:10.1155/2018/8549567. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051007/

Miikkola, M., Lantta, T., Suhonen, R., & Stolt, M. (2019). Challenges of foot self-care in older people: A qualitative focus-group study. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 12, 5. doi:10.1186/s13047-019-0315-4. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339366/

Nather, A., Cao, S., Chen, J., & Low, A. Y. (2018). Prevention of diabetic foot complications. Singapore Medical Journal, 59(6), 291–294. doi:10.11622/smedj.2018069. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6024219/

Omote, S., Watanabe, A., Hiramatsu, T., Saito, E., Yokogawa, M., Okamoto, R., … Tsukasaki, K. (2017). A foot-care program to facilitate self-care by the elderly: a non-randomized intervention study. BMC research notes, 10(1), 586. doi:10.1186/s13104-017-2898-9. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5679143/

van Netten, J. J., Lazzarini, P. A., Armstrong, D. G., Bus, S. A., Fitridge, R., Harding, K., … Wraight, P. R. (2018). Diabetic Foot Australia guideline on footwear for people with diabetes. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 11, 2. doi:10.1186/s13047-017-0244-z. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5769299/

Assessment and Documentation

Boulton, A. J., Armstrong, D. G., Albert, S. F., Frykberg, R. G., Hellman, R., Kirkman, M. S., Lavery, L. A., Lemaster, J. W., Mills, J. L., Sr, Mueller, M. J., Sheehan, P., Wukich, D. K., American Diabetes Association, & American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (2008). Comprehensive foot examination and risk assessment: a report of the task force of the foot care interest group of the American Diabetes Association, with endorsement by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Diabetes care, 31(8), 1679–1685. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-9021

Balance and Falls

Awale, A., Hagedorn, T. J., Dufour, A. B., Menz, H. B., Casey, V. A., & Hannan, M. T. (2017). Foot Function, Foot Pain, and Falls in Older Adults: The Framingham Foot Study. Gerontology, 63(4), 318–324. doi:10.1159/000475710. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5501294/

Bruijn, S. M., & van Dieën, J. H. (2018). Control of human gait stability through foot placement. Journal of the Royal Society, Interface, 15(143), 20170816. doi:10.1098/rsif.2017.0816. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6030625/

Curved Nails (Parrot Beak and Pincer)

Chen, S. X., & Cohen, P. R. (2018). Parrot Beak Nails Revisited: Case Series and Comprehensive Review. Dermatology and Therapy, 8(1), 147–155. doi:10.1007/s13555-017-0217-y. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5825322/

Sano, H., & Ogawa, R. (2014). Clinical Evidence for the Relationship between Nail Configuration and Mechanical Forces. Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Global open, 2(3), e115. https://doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000000057. Retrieved from     https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4174141/

 

Sano, H., & Ogawa, R. (2015). A novel nonsurgical treatment for pincer nail that involves mechanical force control. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open, 3(2), e311. doi:10.1097/GOX.0000000000000220. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4350317/

Sano, H., Shionoya, K., & Ogawa, R. (2015). Foot loading is different in people with and without pincer nails: A case control study. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 8, 43. doi:10.1186/s13047-015-0100-y. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4543456/

Exercises

Gooding, T. M., Feger, M. A., Hart, J. M., & Hertel, J. (2016). Intrinsic Foot Muscle Activation During Specific Exercises: A T2 Time Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study. Journal of athletic training, 51(8), 644–650. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5094843/

Lee, E., Cho, J., & Lee, S. (2019). Short-Foot Exercise Promotes Quantitative Somatosensory Function in Ankle Instability: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research, 25, 618–626. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350454/

Neuropathy Testing

Abraham, A., Alabdali, M., Alsulaiman, A., Albulaihe, H., Breiner, A., Katzberg, H. D., Aljaafari, D., Lovblom, L. E., & Bril, V. (2017). The sensitivity and specificity of the neurological examination in polyneuropathy patients with clinical and electrophysiological correlations. PloS one, 12(3), e0171597. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171597

Boulton, A. J., Vinik, A. I., Arezzo, J. C., Bril, V., Feldman, E. L., Freeman, R., Malik, R. A., Maser, R. E., Sosenko, J. M., & Ziegler, D. (2005). Diabetic neuropathies: a statement by the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care, 28(4):956–962. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.28.4.956

Dros, J., Wewerinke, A., Bindels, P. J., & van Weert, H. C. (2009). Accuracy of monofilament testing to diagnose peripheral neuropathy: a systematic review. Annals of family medicine, 7(6), 555–558. https://doi.org/10.1370/afm.1016

Lanting, S. M., Spink, M. J., Tehan, P. E., Vickers, S., Casey, S. L., & Chuter, V. H. (2020). Non-invasive assessment of vibration perception and protective sensation in people with diabetes mellitus: inter- and intra-rater reliability. Journal of foot and ankle research, 13, 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13047-020-0371-9

Meijer, J. W., Smit, A. J., Lefrandt, J. D., van der Hoeven, J. H., Hoogenberg, K., & Links, T. P. (2005). Back to basics in diagnosing diabetic polyneuropathy with the tuning fork! Diabetes Care, 28(9):2201–2205. https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/28/9/2201.long

Pop-Busui, R., Boulton, A. J. M., Feldman, E. L., Bril, V., Freeman, R., Malik, R. A., Sosenko, J. M., & Ziegler, D. (2017). Diabetic Neuropathy: A Position Statement by the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 2017 Jan; 40(1): 136-154. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-2042

Onychogryphosis

Ko, D., & Lipner, S. R. (2018). Onychogryphosis: Case Report and Review of the Literature. Skin Appendage Disorders, 4(4), 326–330. doi:10.1159/000485854. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219229/

Mc Dermott, R., &, Kidney, R. (2012). Celtic Tiger: A case of onychogryphosis. International Journal of Case Reports and Images, 3(1), 27­29. doi:10.5348/ijcri­2012­01­86­CI­8. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/28bc/b91a315ec10cb9dedaf55acd4aa919e516a7.pdf

Onychomycosis

Ameen, M., Lear, J.T., Madan, V., Mohd Mustapa,  M.F., & Richardson,  M. (2014). British Association of Dermatologists' guidelines for the management of onychomycosis. British Journal of Dermatology, 171(5), 937-948. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.13358

Kreijkamp‐Kaspers, S., Hawke, K., Guo, L., Kerin, G., Bell‐Syer, S. E. M., Magin, P., Bell‐Syer, S. V., van Driel,  M. L. (2017). Oral antifungal medication for toenail onychomycosis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD010031. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD010031.pub2

McAuley, W. J., Jones, S. A., Traynor, M. J., Guesné, S., Murdan, S., & Brown, M. B. (2016). An investigation of how fungal infection influences drug penetration through onychomycosis patient's nail plates. European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, 102, 178–184. doi:10.1016/j.ejpb.2016.03.008. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4827374/

Piraccini, B. M., & Alessandrini, A. (2015). Onychomycosis: A Review. Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland), 1(1), 30–43. doi:10.3390/jof1010030. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5770011/

Singal, A. & Khanna, D. (2011). Onychomycosis: Diagnosis and management. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, 77(6), 659-672. https://ijdvl.com/onychomycosis-diagnosis-and-management/

Skin Care

Ali, S. M., & Yosipov, G. (2013). Skin pH: From Basic Science to Basic Skin Care. Acta Derm Venereol, 93, 261–267.
Retrieved from https://www.medicaljournals.se/acta/content_files/files/pdf/93/3/3854.pdf

Ali, S. M., & Yosipov, G. (2013). Skin pH: From Basic Science to Basic Skin Care. Supplementary Material. Acta Derm Venereol, 93, 261–267. Retrieved from https://www.medicaljournals.se/acta/content_files/additional_content/3854TableSI.pdf

Tarun, J., Susan, J., Suria, J., Susan, V. J., & Criton, S. (2014). Evaluation of pH of Bathing Soaps and Shampoos for Skin and Hair Care. Indian journal of dermatology, 59(5), 442–444. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5154.139861. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4171909/

Systemic Conditions

Singal, A., & Arora, R. (2015). Nail as a window of systemic diseases. Indian Dermatology Online Journal, 6(2), 67–74. doi:10.4103/2229-5178.153002. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4375768/